Yekaterinburg was called Sverdlovsk between 1924 and 1991. It is the administrative centre of the Ural Federal District and the Sverdlovsk Oblast. It is Ural's largest urban centre and is home to 1.5 million people.
Yekaterinburg stands on the border between Europe and Asia.
The city is third in the country, behind Moscow and St Petersburg in the number of foreign diplomatic representations.
Yekaterinburg houses large industrial and educational centres and has enormous scientific potential.